The History of Polish Pottery

Birthplace of Polish Pottery

Polish Pottery started as Folk Art around the 16th century in Bolslawiec, Poland.  In the winter, farmers were unable to get out and tend to their farms so they began making pottery with the clay from the banks of the Bohr River.  The traditional patterns were carefully placed on the various pieces with potato stamps.  Many of the patterns and colors were inspired by the peacock feather.  The cultural designs and familiar colors - cobalt blue, sage green, and ferrous red - used hundreds of years ago are still the inspiration for many modern day patterns.

Today, skilled Polish artist hand-paint each piece using small sponges to stamp out each pattern.  The artistic craftsmen train for years to become an accomplished artist.  The most accomplished artist earns the privileged of creating his or her own work from start to finish.  These pieces are then signed and designated "Unikat" which means unique.  Due to the time and talent required for each piece, the dishes are truly collectors items.

The stoneware is made from white clay indigenous to the Bohr River, in Boleslawiec.  Molds are used for some pieces but plates and bowls are still made on the potter's wheel.  After the process of mixing the ingredients, molding or shaping the pottery, applying the decorative patterns and lead-free glaze, the pottery is fired twice at temperatures in excess of 1250 degrees centigrade.  The firing process makes the pottery extremely durable - it will not crack or chip easily.  It can be placed in a microwave, an oven, a dishwasher, or a freezer.  It is perfect for both casual and formal occasions.

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